|2012 Living Planet Report, page 12.|
The report is not all doom and gloom. Chapter four includes sixteen points for sustaining our world.
- Significantly expand the global protected areas network
• Protect 20 per cent of representative land, freshwater and
marine areas, including areas key for ecological processes
necessary for biodiversity, food, water and energy security,
and climate change resilience and adaptation.
• Implement adequate funding mechanisms for effective
protected area management.
- Halt loss of priority habitats
• Achieve Zero Net Deforestation and Degradation by 2020 and
• Halt fragmentation of freshwater systems.
• Increase the area of effectively managed marine protected areas
from 5 per cent to at least 20 per cent.
- Restore damaged ecosystems and ecosystem services
• Prioritize restoration of ecosystems and ecosystem services
necessary for food, water and energy security, and climate
change resilience and adaptation.
- Significantly reduce inputs and waste in production systems
• Increase total food supply-chain efficiency.
• Maximize energy, water and material efficiency.
• Maximize recycling and recovery.
• Minimize greenhouse gas emissions.
- Manage resources sustainably
• Eliminate overfishing by commercial fleets, including the
indiscriminate capture of non-target organisms.
• Eliminate water over-abstraction.
• Implement policies to secure water quality.
• Minimize further habitat conversion through maximizing
the sustainable use of productive land by improving
genetic selection, adopting best practices, increasing
efficiency, improving soil organic matter and rehabilitating
- Scale-up renewable energy production
• Increase the proportion of sustainable renewable energies in
the global energy mix to at least 40 per cent by 2030 and 100
per cent by 2050.
• Increase the share of renewable energy in the overall energy
mix, along with ambitious energy demand management,
especially in sectors with limited renewable options that are
likely to be dependent on bioenergy. (Aviation, shipping and
high heat industrial applications are likely to be among these.)
- Change energy consumption patterns
• Decrease energy demand by 15 per cent by 2050 compared
• Increase the proportion of electricity produced using
renewable energy to cover all global energy needs by 2050.
• Provide sustainable energy to everyone in “off-grid” areas.
- Promote healthy consumption patterns
• Balance protein intake per capita as recommended by the
World Health Organization (WHO).
• Minimize retailer and consumer food waste in high- and
- Achieve low-footprint lifestyles
• Minimize resource consumption and waste by high income
• Maximize market share of certified sustainable products.
• Transition urban areas to “smart” cities with low-footprint
solutions for meeting urban housing, food, water, energy, and
- Value nature
• Implement an inclusive and globally accepted system
for measuring the economic and non-economic value of
• Fully integrate this value into mainstream economic
development policy and decision-making.
- Account for environmental and social costs
• Integrate social and environmental costs of production and
consumption over long timeframes into standard national
and corporate accounting and reporting methodologies.
• Ensure that social and environmental costs are reflected in
the market price of all commodities and products, and in
environmental impact assessments.
- Support and reward conservation, sustainable resource management and innovation
• Eliminate all subsidies that undermine sustainable resource
use and conservation, particularly those underpinning fossil
fuel use and unsustainable agriculture, forestry and fisheries.
• Develop/implement new financial mechanisms that redirect
public and private investment to support sustainable practices
and new technologies for sustainability, and provide new
additional financing for conservation and restoration of
• Improve policy for increased investments and large-scale
deployment of innovations and new technologies that
can enable sustainable development in both public and
- Share available resources
• Implement natural resource governance built on inclusive
processes and broad participation by communities dependent
on natural resources.
• Minimize the footprint of high-income populations and urban
areas (see “Consume more wisely”).
• Promote the transition toward sustainable, resource-efficient
cities and reduce the direct impact of cities on water and land
by limiting urban sprawl, promoting urban agriculture and
sustainable waste (water) management.
- Make fair and ecologically informed choices
• Implement policies and tools for analysing, resolving and
managing competing land use and water use claims.
- Measure success “beyond GDP”
• Include social and environmental indices in national indicators
to measure and reward success.
• Implement economic policies with targets and indicators to
monitor the impact of economic governance on natural capital
and human well-being.
- Sustainable population
• Explicitly integrate population dynamics (size, growth
rate, composition, location and migration) and per capita
consumption trends into national planning policies to support a
better balance between population and available resources.
• Ensure universal access to gender-sensitive reproductive health
services and information, reduce child mortality and support
the empowerment of women and young girls through greater
access to higher education and employment opportunities.